( 1 ) Stock options
Many stocks in the U.S. stocks have corresponding options ( Options ), with one-month expiration, two-month expiration, one-year expiration, etc. There are also differences in prices. Options are divided into long options ( Call ) and short options ( Put ). For investors, buying short options ( Put ) or selling long options ( Call ) is also a way of shorting. Compared with short selling, this operation requires less capital.
( 2 ) Index options
The Dow Jones and S&P 500 indexes in the U.S. stocks also have corresponding options. The trading method of index options is similar to that of stock options. You can short the corresponding index by buying short options.
( 3 ) Short ETF , ETN
There are also many short ETFs and ETNs in the US stock market . ETF stands for trading open-end index fund, similar to mutual funds. US stock ETFs generally track indexes, industries, a certain commodity or a combination of a series of assets, etc., and promise to provide investors with returns similar to those of the tracking target. ETF trading operations are basically the same as stocks.
ETN is also a financial instrument that tracks the corresponding asset portfolio, but it is essentially a debt and does not guarantee capital. Most US stock ETNs track investment targets other than stocks.